People with diabetes are prone to many long-term problems due to high blood sugar, including diabetic foot. A person has diabetes when the body is unable to produce enough insulin or to use the insulin it produces effectively. Insulin is a hormone that helps cells absorb blood glucose and consume energy; Therefore, when the sugar in the blood does not enter the cells, the sugar in the blood plasma rises. High blood sugar levels can damage different parts of the body for a long time. Among the most important complications of diabetes are the following:
1. Visual impairment: Diabetics may have problems at the end of their capillaries. These capillary changes are called retinopathy. Retinopathy is the most important cause of blindness in diabetic patients under 65 years of age.
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